Memorandum

Date     May 1, 2014

To          Congestion Management Process Committee
Boston Region MPO

From    Ryan Hicks and Hiral Gandhi
MPO Staff

Re          2012–13 Inventory of Park-and-Ride Lots at MBTA Facilities

1         Introducton

The primary purpose of this memorandum is to present the results from the 2012–13 inventory of park-and-ride lots serving Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) facilities. Comparisons to previous inventories are also included in this memorandum.

Between October 2012 and June 2013, Boston Region MPO staff inventoried MBTA, private, and town-operated parking facilities at 149 locations comprising 116 commuter rail stations, 28 rapid transit stations, three ferry terminals, and two express bus origin locations. Appendix A contains tables of parking utilization rates for all of the parking lots that were surveyed. Appendix E consists of detailed comparisons of the 2012–13 inventory with previous inventories by transit mode. Information about parking fees, and several maps that display inventoried data, are in Appendices B, C, D, and F.

This memorandum has five main sections and six appendices. The main sections are:

      1. Introduction
      2. Background
      3. Inventory results: parking utilization
      4. Major Regional Park-and-Ride Lots and Park-and-Ride Lots at Terminal Stations
      5. Inventory Results: Amenities
      6. Conclusion 

2         Background

The Congestion Management Process (CMP) is an ongoing Boston Region MPO program. One of the CMP’s objectives is to monitor congestion-related performance measures for the region’s transportation system. The monitored CMP facilities include arterial roadways, freeways, commuter rail, rapid transit, buses, park-and-ride, and bicycle/pedestrian facilities. As part of the CMP, data are collected, gathered, and analyzed on a periodic basis. Planners and decision makers can refer to these data to identify needs, and to prioritize transportation projects and program funds.

This memorandum uses primarily parking utilization rates to assess the surplus or deficiencies of parking capacity at park-and-ride lots that serve MBTA stations. Parking utilization is defined in this report as the percentage of nonaccessible spaces that do not require a permit that are used by the end of the MBTA-defined AM peak period, which ends after the last inbound peak-period train, bus, or ferry leaves its respective station, as indicated by the MBTA’s online schedule.1,2 Parking utilization rates can indicate how commuters are impacted by changes such as the addition of spaces, construction of a park-and ride lot, addition of a new station, or change in the cost of an MBTA transit pass. Data posted on the web can be used by the public to make decisions about travel plans, based on information about the capacity and utilization of a parking lot on a typical day.

Prior to the 2012–13 inventory, park-and-ride data for MBTA stations were last collected between January 2009 and August 2010.3 Previous inventories were done in 2000, 2002, and 2005–06. The 2002 inventory included only park-and-ride lots that were located in the Boston Region MPO area, and used data from the 2000 inventory for lots that were located outside of the Boston Region MPO area.

2.1      Data Collection

Park-and-ride lots were inventoried by performing a one-time observation during the morning peak period of a typical weekday between October 2012 and June 2013. A typical weekday is defined as a Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday that is not a holiday. 4,5

For the purpose of this survey, MPO staff developed a survey form (Appendix C). When completed, the form contains information about each parking lot, including the parking lot ownership, parking cost and restrictions, number of parking spaces, and number of parked vehicles. All of this information is summarized in Appendix A. The surveyors were instructed to survey each lot immediately after the last inbound peak-period trip. The time of the last inbound train, express bus, or ferry varies by station. After the last AM peak-period train, ferry, or express bus departed the station, the surveyor inventoried every parking lot that was used for a given station or express bus origin location. A separate survey form was filled out for each parking lot, as many stations have several nearby parking lots.

All park-and-ride lots that are known to serve MBTA commuters were surveyed. (Lots serving only commuters who use non-MBTA transportation were not surveyed.6) The lots surveyed included all MBTA-owned, privately owned, and town lots at all commuter rail, rapid transit, and commuter ferry stations, and at all express bus origin locations. The locations of these lots were ascertained from past inventories, information provided on the MBTA’s website (www.mbta.com), and field visits performed by MPO staff.

All of the parking spaces referred to in this memorandum, unless otherwise indicated, are nonaccessible, non-permit parking spaces, and the total capacity and utilization rates were calculated for each station. Section 5.2 gives data on the availability of accessible parking along each transit line. Many stations have permit-only lots in addition to public lots. Most permit-parking lots are either municipally or privately owned, and their use is restricted to permit owners. In many cases, a local residency is required in order to obtain a permit. Because the focus of this memorandum is on the availability of parking to the general public at MBTA park-and-ride lots, the permit-only and resident-only parking spaces are excluded from totals and utilization percentages for all modes of transit. However, permit-only and resident-only parking spaces were included in the survey, and this memorandum includes the discussion of the availability and utilization of these spaces in section 5.3.

2.2      Factors Impacting MBTA Parking Lot Utilization over Time

Since the earlier inventories were conducted, there have been many changes that could have affected parking lot utilization by MBTA customers: changes in the economy, MBTA fares, and the number of available parking spaces. Some of these changes are recent, while others are periodically recurring, regardless of the time period. Although it is not possible to estimate the degree of contribution of each of these factors to the utilization of parking spaces, the factors are summarized here so that the reader can take them into account while reviewing the 2012–13 inventory results.

           Changes in Parking Capacity: 2009–10 and 2012–13 Inventories

There have been changes in parking capacity since the 2009–10 inventory was completed. One of the changes is a net increase of 1,846 public, non-permit parking spaces near MBTA stations since the 2009–10 inventory.7 This resulted from the removal of 2,848 spaces at certain stations and the addition of 2,832 spaces at other stations. In addition, a total of 1,668 spaces were added at the T. F. Green Airport and Wickford Junction stations, both of which opened since the previous inventory was conducted). There are 194 parking spaces at the Watertown Yard parking lot that are not included in this comparison because the station was not surveyed for in 2009–10 inventory.

The new T.F. Green Airport and Wickford Junction stations’ parking capacity and utilization are included in the 2012–13 inventory analysis. The additional parking spaces associated with the new stations contribute to the perception that the overall utilization of a portion of the MBTA system has decreased. There have also been locations within the MBTA system where parking lots near stations have closed; the result is that nearby parking lots have experienced increases in utilization. This could imply that nearby stations have added new commuters, whereas these new commuters had been displaced from the closed parking lots. An example of a parking lot that was closed is the parking facility near the Quincy Center MBTA station, which provided 863 parking spaces; it was closed after the 2009–10 inventory.8 Due in large part to parking facility closures, the total public non-permit parking spaces near MBTA stations that were surveyed in both 2009–10 and 2012–13 has decreased by 16 spaces between those two inventories.

Table 1 lists the stations where the total number of parking spaces (not including permit–only or accessible spaces) had changed by either 150 or more spaces, or by more than 50 percent, since the 2009–10 inventory.

           MBTA Parking Fare Changes

Since the 2009–10 inventory was conducted, daily parking fees have changed at 33 MBTA stations. At the time of the 2012–13 survey, most commuter rail stations charged $3.00 to $4.00 per day. At most of the rapid transit stations, parking fees ranged from $5.00 to $7.00. The stations that experienced changes in parking fees are listed in Table 2.

Previous parking rate increases took place on November 15, 2008, when the rates for most MBTA stations increased by $2.00, and on July 1, 2005, when the prices of rapid transit parking increased by 50 cents. There was also an increase on January 6, 2003, when prices increased by 50 cents at rapid transit stations and by $1.00 at commuter rail stations.

In January 2011, the MBTA announced the availability of monthly parking permits for selected MBTA stations. At the time of the 2012–13 inventory, there were 77 MBTA stations that had monthly parking available. The rate for most of the lots was $70.00, saving regular commuters approximately $10.00 a month compared to the cost of paying daily. Figure B‑2, in Appendix B, is a map showing the minimum parking fee at each station.

 


 

 

Table 1

Stations with Significant Changes in the Number of Parking Spaces between
the 2009–10 and 2012–13 Inventories

 

Station Name

Transit Line

Mode

Total Public Parking Spaces: 2009–10

Total Public Parking Spaces: 2012–13

Change in Total Spaces

North Leominster

Fitchburg/South Acton

Commuter rail

135

0

-135

Worcester

Framingham/Worcester

Commuter rail

323

500

177

Greenbush

Greenbush

Commuter rail

685

978

293

Reading

Haverhill

Commuter rail

71

112

41

Wedgemere

Lowell

Commuter rail

155

31

-124

Winchester

Lowell

Commuter rail

151

0

-151

Needham Heights

Needham

Commuter rail

243

80

-163

Providence

Providence/Stoughton

Commuter rail

369

695

326

South Attleboro

Providence/Stoughton

Commuter rail

1,009

715

-294

T. F. Green

Providence/Stoughton

Commuter rail

0

591

591

Wickford Junction

Providence/Stoughton

Commuter rail

0

1,077

1,077

Maverick

Blue Line

Rapid transit

58

21

-37

Wonderland

Blue Line

Rapid transit

2,643

2,326

-317

Green Street

Orange Line

Rapid transit

38

0

-38

Malden

Orange Line

Rapid transit

198

829

631

Braintree

Red Line

Rapid transit

981

1,244

263

Quincy Center

Red Line

Rapid transit

846

0

-846

 

 

 


Table 2

Stations with Parking Fare Changes between the
2009–10 and 2012–13 Inventories

 

Station Name

Transit Line

Minimum Parking Fee 2009–10

Minimum Parking Fee 2012–13

Change in Parking Fee

Littleton

Fitchburg/South Acton

$0.00

$4.00

$4.00

Auburndale

Framingham/Worcester

$0.00

$4.00

$4.00

Wellesley Square

Framingham/Worcester

$2.50

$4.50

$2.00

West Newton

Framingham/Worcester

$0.00

$4.00

$4.00

Lawrence

Haverhill

$3.00

$3.50

$0.50

Melrose Cedar Park

Haverhill

$2.00

$3.00

$1.00

Melrose Highlands

Haverhill

$2.00

$3.00

$1.00

Wyoming Hill

Haverhill

$2.00

$3.00

$1.00

Attleboro

Providence/Stoughton

$4.00

$3.00

-$1.00

Providence

Providence/Stoughton

$8.55

$9.00

$0.45

Route 128

Providence/Stoughton

$5.00

$7.00

$2.00

South Attleboro

Providence/Stoughton

$4.00

$3.00

-$1.00

T. F. Greena

Providence/Stoughton

N/A

$6.75

N/A

Wickford Junctiona

Providence/Stoughton

N/A

$4.00

N/A

Wonderland

Blue Line

$4.00

$5.00

$1.00

Wood Island

Blue Line

$3.00

$5.00

$2.00

Chestnut Hill

Green Line

$5.50

$6.00

$0.50

Eliot

Green Line

$5.50

$6.00

$0.50

Lechmere

Green Line

$5.50

$6.00

$0.50

Riverside

Green Line

$5.75

$6.00

$0.25

Waban

Green Line

$5.50

$6.00

$0.50

Green Street

Orange Line

$5.00

Permit-only

N/A

Malden

Orange Line

$5.50

$6.00

$0.50

Oak Grove

Orange Line

$5.50

$6.00

$0.50

Sullivan Square

Orange Line

$5.00

$4.00

-$1.00

Butler

Red Line

$0.00

$4.00

$4.00

Milton

Red Line

$5.00

$4.00

-$1.00

Quincy Center

Red Line

$7.00

Facility closed

N/A

Savin Hill

Red Line

$0.00

$5.00

$5.00

Watertown Yard

Bus

Not surveyed

$5.00

N/A

Quincy/Fore River

Ferry

$3.00

$4.00

$1.00

Hingham

Ferry

$3.00

$4.00

$1.00

a     New station

N/A = not applicable

 

           State Fiscal Year 2013 Changes in MBTA Boarding Fares

On July 1, 2012, the MBTA implemented changes in its service fare structure. These are shown in Appendix F. The notable fare changes are:

           MBTA Service Changes 2010–13

In the period between the 2009–10 and 2012–13 inventories, there were several MBTA service changes. Although many of those changes seem minor, they may have had significant impacts on the park-and-ride utilization at certain MBTA stations. For example, if a feeder bus service is reduced, more commuters may instead drive to MBTA stations, causing parking utilization to increase at those stations.

           State Fiscal Year 2013 MBTA Service Changes9

In July 2012, the MBTA implemented significant service changes in an effort to balance its budget. The service changes that potentially affected the peak-period commute at the MBTA stations that were surveyed for the 2012–13 park-and-ride inventory are listed below:

           Other MBTA Service Changes, 2010–1310

In addition to the FFY 2012 MBTA service changes, there were other notable alterations to the MBTA system that may have had an impact on the park-and-ride utilization at stations. The changes are listed below.

           The Economy

Beginning in December 2007, the United States economy underwent a severe recession; its effects were still being felt at the time of the 2012–2013 inventory. Even though the Boston region was not one of the hardest hit US regions, the impact of the recession was evident. An economic recession generally results in an increase in the unemployment rate. Therefore, fewer people commute to work, resulting in a drop in utilization of all transportation facilities. Many MBTA commuters work either in the central business district in Boston or at various commercial activity centers located throughout the Boston region. When these centers experience increases in unemployment, there is a decrease in daily commuting to those centers.

Since the 2009–10 parking inventory was completed, the economy has continued to improve, which led to more people commuting to work.11, Commuting has increased since then, reflecting the economic turnaround.

           Increased Popularity of Public Transportation

Over the last few years, public transportation has been increasing in popularity nationwide despite service cuts and fare increases. Some of the contributing factors are:

           Station Parking Lot Construction

Certain MBTA stations and nearby parking lots were under construction at the time of observation (see Appendix A for information about specific stations that were under construction at the time of the survey).

Several MBTA station platforms, elevators, ramps, and other access points were under construction at the time of observation. Construction at MBTA stations may prompt commuters to use other MBTA stations to complete their trip, which may have resulted in an increase in parking utilization at nearby stations. This is especially true if the construction temporarily causes a station to cease being ADA-accessible.

Construction in the parking lots near MBTA stations may temporarily reduce parking capacity, which can make it seem that parking utilization has increased. Another effect of parking lot construction is the resulting confusion of commuters about where parking is permitted and how much it costs.

           Conversion of Public Parking to Permit Parking

The permitted usage of municipally and privately owned parking lots near some MBTA stations has changed since the 2009–10 inventory for various reasons. Public lots allow any commuter to park in the lot, as long as the parking fee is paid. Permit-only parking lots only allow commuters who have a parking pass from a municipality or other entity to park at the specified location. Green Street Station, located on the Orange Line, and Winchester Station, located on the Lowell Line, are now exclusively served by permit-only spaces. Permit parking is generally not included in the analysis performed for this memorandum, as the memorandum focuses on parking availability for the general public. However, the locations of permit-only and resident-only parking near MBTA stations are discussed in section 5.3.

 

 3        Inventory results: parking utilization

An analysis of the inventory results indicated a total net increase of about 1,846parking spaces in the MBTA park-and-ride system between the 2009-10 inventory and the 2012–13 inventory. On a typical weekday morning, 61 percent of all parking spaces for all modes in the MBTA system were utilized. As shown in Figure 1, there was a 3 percent increase in utilization from the 2009–10 survey to the 2012–13 survey, but a 16 percent decrease in the utilization rate from  the 2005–06 inventory because there was a net increase in the number of parking spaces. Major changes that may have affected the utilization include the addition of the T. F. Green Airport and Wickford Junction MBTA stations, the removal of the Quincy Center Garage, the conversion of public parking spaces to permit-only spaces, and station construction. T. F. Green Airport and Wickford Junction stations experience low utilization because they are relatively new.

The breakdown of parking utilization rates is 55 percent utilization for the commuter rail system, 74 percent utilization for the rapid transit system, 84 percent utilization for express bus, and 49 percent utilization for commuter ferry.14 Figure 2 graphically shows the parking capacity and utilization for each individual station that was collected for the 2012–13 inventory. For a graphical comparison of the parking utilization difference between the 2009–10 and 2012–13 inventories by individual station, refer to Figure B-1, in Appendix B.

 

FIGURE 1. Utilization at Park-and-Ride Lots near MBTA Stations: 2005–06, 2009–10, and 2012–13 Inventories
Figure one is a graph that displays the number of parking spaces for the inventory years 2005-06, 2009-10, and 2012-13, broken down according to the number of empty spaces and the percentage of spaces utilized.

FIGURE 2. Park-and-Ride Lot Capacity and Utilization, 2012-13 Inventory
Figure 2 is a full-page, color-coded map, in landscape format that shows the park-and-ride lots in the study area, along with their lot sizes (number of parking spaces) and percentage of utilization.

 

 

 

3.1      Commuter Rail

Table 3 shows the commuter rail park-and-ride utilization by line.

 

Table 3

Commuter Rail Parking Inventory and Percent of
Parking Utilization at Park-and-Ride Lots
near MBTA Stations, 2012–13

 

Commuter Rail Line

Number of Parking Spaces

Percent Utilization

Fitchburg/South Action Linea

1,365

60%

Haverhill Line

2,061

57%

Lowell Linea

2,924

66%

Newburyport/Rockport Linea

3,539

46%

North Side total

9,889

56%

Fairmount Line

387

35%

Framingham/Worcester Line

3,558

63%

Franklin Line

3,663

56%

Greenbush Line

2,931

44%

Kingston/Plymouth Line

3,120

44%

Middleborough/Lakeville Line

2,833

44%

Needham Linea

959

65%

Providence/Stoughton Linea

8,366

61%

South Side total

25,817

54%

Grand total

35,706

55%

a    The parking lots near the North Leominster, Littleton, Wedgemere, Beverly Depot, Needham Center, Needham Heights, Attleboro, and South Attleboro stations were under construction at the time of the survey 2012–13. The parking utilization and capacity may have been temporarily affected as a result.

           Fitchburg/South Acton Line15

On the Fitchburg/South Acton Line, 61 percent of all parking spaces were utilized during the AM peak period. At the 15 stations on this line that routinely provide parking, Kendall Green and South Acton filled during the AM peak period. Waltham Station had a 98 percent parking utilization rate during the AM peak period. In addition to the parking spaces that do not require a permit, there are 452 parking spaces that are resident-only or permit-only; 80 percent of those parking spaces were in use. There are 44 accessible spaces available along the line, 14 percent of which were utilized.

           Haverhill Line

During the AM peak period, 57 percent of the 2,061 parking spaces available for public use were filled. At the 12 stations on the Haverhill Line that have parking lots, only North Wilmington Station filled to capacity during the AM peak period. There are additional 60 additional parking spaces, at Reading Station, but they are restricted to residents of Reading. Of those parking spaces, 88 percent were in use by the end of the morning peak period. There are also 13 permit-only spaces at Bradford Station, 9 of which were occupied. There are also 49 accessible parking spaces near stations along the Haverhill Line. Four percent of those spaces were utilized.

           Lowell Line16,17

The parking utilization rate decreased by 17 percent on the Lowell Line between the 2009–10 inventory and the 2012–13 inventory. Of the seven stations on the Lowell Line that have parking, both the Wedgemere and West Medford lots filled up during the AM peak period. The Winchester town lot that is located west of the station also filled up during the morning peak period. The Wilmington Station lot had 184 spaces in use out of the 191 spaces available. The Lowell Line had 59 accessible parking spaces near its stations and 24 percent were utilized.

           Newburyport/Rockport Line

There are 3,539 parking spaces available for public use on the Newburyport/Rockport Line; 46 percent of those parking spaces were in use during the AM peak period. Of the 16 stations on the line that have parking lots, Beverly Depot was the only station that filled to capacity during the AM peak period.18 There are 18 parking spaces at Swampscott Station. There are 125 public parking spaces and 18 resident-only spaces. All of the resident-only parking spaces were utilized during the AM peak period. The Newburyport/Rockport Line has 106 accessible parking spaces. Of these accessible spaces, 10 percent were utilized.

           Fairmount Line

Readville and Fairmount are the only two stations on the Fairmount Line that have public parking.19 Of the 387 public parking spaces, 35 percent were filled during the AM peak period. There are no permit-only parking spaces on this line. The Fairmont Line has 21 accessible parking spaces, 19 percent of which were utilized.

           Framingham/Worcester Line

Of the 14 stations on the Framingham/Worcester Line that have parking, only the Wellesley Hills lot filled entirely during the AM peak period. The West Natick parking lot was observed to be 99 percent utilized during the AM peak period. Of the 3,558 parking spaces on this line, 63 percent filled during the AM peak period. There are permit-only lots at Framingham and Natick stations that have 119 and 139 spaces, respectively. The Framingham lot had 57 percent utilization and the Natick lot had 80 percent utilization. The West Newton station declined in utilization to 26 percent from 72 percent since the previous inventory. This utilization decline is a result of the implementation of a $4.00 parking fee on nearby lots since the previous inventory. There are 89 accessible parking spaces along the Framingham/Worcester Line, 11 percent of which were utilized.

           Franklin Line

There are a total of 3,663 parking spaces available along the Franklin Line, 56 percent of which were filled. There are two new parking lots along the line. One new parking lot was added as part of the Liberty Lane development project near Norfolk Station; it provides 258 spaces. A private lot that provides 25 spaces was constructed near Norwood Central Station. Of the 11 stations on the Franklin Line, Plimptonville was the only station whose parking lot filled completely during the AM peak period.20 In addition to the public spaces, there are 60 permit-only spaces at Franklin Station, 59 of which were filled during the AM peak period. The Franklin Line has 66 accessible spaces, with a utilization rate of 9 percent.

           Greenbush Line

At the seven stations on the Greenbush Line that have parking, no lots filled during the AM peak period. There are 2,931 parking spaces available for public use, 44 percent of which filled during the AM peak period. The parking lots along the Greenbush Line provide 76 accessible parking spaces. The utilization rate for the accessible spaces along the line is 1 percent.

           Kingston/Plymouth Line

At the seven stations on the Kingston/Plymouth Line that have parking, no lot filled during the AM peak period. There are 3,120 parking spaces available for public use on this line, 44 percent of which were filled during the AM peak period. There are an additional 175 permit-parking spaces available at Kingston Station, and an additional 208 permit-parking spaces at Abington Station, which were at 85 percent and 45 percent utilization, respectively. There is no AM-peak-period train service at Plymouth, and 8 of the 92 available spaces at that station were utilized. There are 72 accessible parking spaces along the Kingston/Plymouth Line, of which 17 percent were utilized.

           Middleborough/Lakeville Line

At the six stations on the Middleborough/Lakeville Line that have parking, no lot filled during the AM peak period. There are 2,833 parking spaces available for public use, and 44 percent filled during the AM peak period. There are no permit-only or resident-only parking spaces on the Middleborough/Lakeville Line. The parking lots along the Middleborough/Lakeville Line provide 65 accessible parking spaces. The utilization for the accessible parking spaces was 12 percent.

           Needham Line21

There are 959 parking spaces available for public use, 65 percent of which filled during the AM peak period. Of the 8 stations on the Needham Line, Needham Junction Station was the closest to being full during the AM peak period, at 99 percent utilization. There are 34 accessible parking spaces along the Needham Line, 12 percent of which were utilized.

           Providence/Stoughton Line22

There are a total of 8,366 parking spaces available for public use on the Providence/Stoughton Line, 61 percent of which filled during the AM peak period. An additional 1,192 parking spaces on the line are designated for resident-only parking; 81 percent of those were in use during the AM peak period.

Since the last inventory, two stations were added to the Providence/Stoughton Line: T. F. Green Airport and Wickford Junction, in Rhode Island. These two stations have public garages that have 591 spaces and 1,077 spaces, respectively. T. F. Green Airport was 12 percent utilized and Wickford Junction was 6 percent utilized during the AM peak period. Of the 12 stations on the Providence/Stoughton Line that have parking, no lot filled completely during the AM peak period. However, the Mansfield, South Attleboro, and Providence stations were 99 percent, 90 percent, and 86 percent utilized during the AM peak period, respectively. There are 151 accessible parking spaces along the line, 30 percent of which were utilized.

3.2      Rapid Transit

Table 4 shows the percent of parking utilization by rapid transit line.

           Blue Line

The Blue Line has six stations that provide parking. No lots filled during the AM peak period; only 65 percent of the 3,395 public parking spaces were in use by the end of the peak period. There is no permit-only parking on this line.

           Green Line

The Green Line has 2,043 parking spaces, 56 percent of which were in use during the AM peak period. Six Green Line stations have parking, but only Eliot was observed to be filled during the AM peak period. There are 45 accessible parking spaces near Green Line stations; the utilization rate for those spaces was 11 percent.

           Orange Line

Five stations on the Orange Line have public parking lots, none of which was filled to capacity during the AM peak period. However, public parking at Forest Hills and Oak Grove stations was 99 percent filled. Oak Grove also has 107 permit-only parking spaces, of which 70 spaces were in use. There are 81 permit-only spaces near Green Street Station, of which 48 spaces were in use. There are 85 accessible parking spaces along the Orange Line; 35 percent of those spaces were utilized.

           Red Line and Mattapan High-Speed Line

The Red Line and Mattapan High-Speed Line together have nine stations with parking lots. Of the 8,397 parking spaces available for public use, 83 percent were filled during the AM peak period. Savin Hill Station was the only station on the Red Line that filled to capacity during the AM peak period. The parking lots near the Red Line and Mattapan High-Speed Line provide 130 accessible parking spaces. The utilization of these spaces was 52 percent.

 

Table 4

Rapid Transit Parking Inventory and Percent Utilization
at Park-and-Ride Lots near MBTA Stations, 2012–13

 

Rapid Transit Line

Number of Parking Spaces

Percent Utilization

Blue Linea

3,395

65%

Green Line

2,043

56%

Orange Line

5,052

73%

Red Line and Mattapan High-Speed Line

8,397

83%

Total

18,887

74%

a    The parking lots near Wonderland Station were under construction at the time of the survey. Parking utilization and capacity may have been temporarily changed as a result.

3.3      Commuter Ferry

Quincy/Fore River, Hingham, and Hull are the three commuter ferry terminals with parking lots. Quincy/Fore River has 370 parking spaces, 21 percent of which were in use during the AM peak period. This parking lot is also available for overnight parking for Logan International Airport and Harbor Island users, and there are different parking rates for day and overnight users. Of the 1,979 parking spaces at the Hingham ferry terminal, 52 percent were in use during the morning peak period. There are 236 parking spaces at the Hull ferry terminal, 69 percent of which were in use during the peak period. The three commuter ferry terminals provide 49 accessible parking spaces, 20 percent were utilized during the AM peak period.

3.4      Express Bus

The express bus parking lots in Woburn, at Montvale Avenue, and at Watertown Yard were surveyed. The Montvale Avenue lot has 65 spaces, 100 percent of which filled during the AM peak period. The Watertown Yard parking lot has 194 spaces, 78 percent of which were utilized by the end of the AM peak period. There are a total of 9 accessible spaces at the Woburn and Watertown park-and-ride lots, 11 percent of which were utilized by the end of the AM peak period.

4         Major Regional Park-and-ride lots and Park-and-Ride Lots at terminal Stations

4.1      Major Regional Park-and-Ride Lots

There are several parking garages and lots serving the MBTA system that are located strategically throughout the MBTA service area in order to attract a large number of users from many  origin communities. For the purposes of this analysis, all major regional park-and-ride lots each contain at least 500 parking spaces. These facilities are typically located at the end of a commuter rail or transit line or near state or interstate highways or at major roadway interchanges, and generally have greater capacity than most other stations. Some examples are the facilities at Alewife and Quincy Adams stations, which have ramps from Route 2 and Route 3, respectively. Other stations with such facilities are Riverside and Route 128 stations, which are located directly off of Route 128/Interstate 95, and the Anderson Regional Transportation Center (RTC), which is located directly off of I-93.

These parking facilities are significant because, due to their convenient location and size, they serve many users, and they supply more than 65 percent of all of the parking spaces available at MBTA transportation facilities, including express bus lots and commuter ferry terminals. Table 5 lists the regional park-and-ride lots serving the MBTA system. Of these lots, the Forge Park and Anderson RTC lots experienced the biggest declines in utilization between the 2009–10 and 2012–13 inventories. South Attleboro, Canton Junction, Wollaston, and North Quincy stations all experienced parking lot utilization increases of more than 20 percent.

Table 5 does not include accessible parking. The totals also omit 282 permit-only parking spaces: 107 at Oak Grove and 175 at Kingston. Overall, 78 percent of these permit-only spaces were used during the morning peak period.

4.2      Park-and-Ride Lots at Terminal Stations

There are several terminal stations located throughout the MBTA system. For the purpose of this memorandum, the definition of a terminal station is an MBTA station, ferry terminal, or bus stop that has nearby public or private parking for MBTA commuters and is located on a transit line that terminates on-site. Terminal stations are often the locations where commuters switch their mode of travel from use of an automobile to public transportation; therefore, these stations offer vast amounts of parking. The commuter rail terminal stations are typically located in suburban locations or in medium-sized cities. Rapid transit terminal stations are all located in Boston, Cambridge, or inner-ring suburbs. The three ferry terminals are all located along the South Shore of Massachusetts. The bus terminal station is located in Watertown, which is just west of Boston. Table 6 displays the size and utilization of the terminal station parking lots.

The utilization rate of terminal stations tends to vary by transit mode. Commuter rail terminal stations have a 41 percent overall utilization; however, the utilization is typically higher at terminal stations that are located in larger municipalities than at those in suburban areas. This may be due to the fact that the terminal stations that are located in larger municipalities usually have smaller parking lots.

The total utilization rate for terminal stations along rapid transit lines is 77 percent. However, the terminal stations along light rail lines (Mattapan Station and Riverside Station) have a significantly lower utilization rate than terminal stations along heavy rail lines, probably due to the lower ridership on light rail lines.

The total utilization rate for the ferry terminal stations is 49 percent. The ferry terminal stations consist of one location that has a large park-and-ride lot and two stations that have medium-sized park-and-ride lots. The Watertown yard bus terminal has a 78 percent utilization rate.

Some stations are designated as both a terminal station and a major regional park-and-ride lots, depending on the location along the transit line and the number of parking spaces located near the station.

 

Table 5

Major Regional Parking Garages and Lots near MBTA Stations:
2012–13 Capacity and Utilization

 

Station Name

Transit Line

Number of Parking Spaces

Percent Utilization

Worcester

Framingham/Worcester

500

62%

Ashland

Framingham/Worcester

652

37%

Forge Park

Franklin

703

53%

Norfolk

Franklin

520

63%

Walpole

Franklin

677

64%

Norwood Central

Franklin

792

56%

Greenbush

Greenbush

978

25%

Lawrence

Haverhill

815

70%

Kingston

Kingston/Plymouth

1,083

30%

South Weymouth

Kingston/Plymouth

531

56%

Lowell

Lowell

866

70%

North Billerica

Lowell

519

81%

Anderson/Woburn

Lowell

1,297

51%

Middleborough/Lakeville

Middleborough/Lakeville

761

45%

Campello

Middleborough/Lakeville

545

21%

Lynn

Newburyport/Rockport

940

21%

Wickford Junction

Providence/Stoughton

1,077

6%

T. F. Green

Providence/Stoughton

591

12%

Providence

Providence/Stoughton

695

86%

South Attleboroa

Providence/Stoughton

715

91%

Attleboroa

Providence/Stoughton

1,068

68%

Canton Junction

Providence/Stoughton

887

80%

Route 128

Providence/Stoughton

2,008

58%

Commuter rail total

Blank

19,220

51%

Wonderlanda

Blue Line

2,326

66%

Woodland

Green Line

533

43%

Riverside

Green Line

948

42%

Oak Grove

Orange Line

760

99%

Malden

Orange Line

829

84%

Wellington

Orange Line

2,409

59%

Sullivan Square

Orange Line

570

57%

Alewife

Red Line

2,456

83%

North Quincy

Red Line

1,512

81%

Wollaston

Red Line

529

100%

Quincy Adams

Red Line

2,352

81%

Braintree

Red Line

1,244

95%

Rapid transit total

Blank

16,468

74%

Hingham

Ferry

1,979

52%

Ferry total

Blank

1,979

52%

All regional stations

Grand total

37,667

61%

a The station was under construction at the time of the survey.

Table 6

Terminal Station Garage and Parking Lots:
2012–13 Capacity and Utilization

 

 Station Name

Transit Line

Number of Parking Spaces

Percent Utilization

Newburyport

Newburyport/Rockport

775

42%

Rockport

Newburyport/Rockport

140

66%

Haverhill

Haverhill

153

28%

Lowell

Lowell

866

70%

Fitchburg/South Acton

Fitchburg/South Acton

281

23%

Worcester

Framingham/Worcester

500

62%

Needham Heightsa

Needham

80

60%

Forge Park

Franklin

703

53%

Readville

Fairmount

339

37%

Wickford Junction

Providence/Stoughton

1,077

6%

Stoughton

Providence/Stoughton

463

70%

Middleborough/Lakeville

Middleborough/Lakeville

761

45%

Kingston

Kingston/Plymouth

1,258

38%

Plymouth

Kingston/Plymouth

92

9%

Greenbush

Greenbush

978

25%

Commuter rail total

Blank

8,466

41%

Alewife

Red Line

2,456

83%

Braintree

Red Line

1,244

95%

Mattapan

Mattapan High-Speed Line

210

9%

Wonderlanda

Blue Line

2,326

66%

Forest Hills

Orange Line

484

99%

Oak Grove

Orange Line

867

95%

Lechmere

Green Line

369

95%

Riverside

Green Line

948

42%

Rapid transit total

Blank

8,904

77%

Hingham

F1

1979

52%

Hull

F2H

236

69%

Quincy/Fore River

F2

370

21%

Ferry total

Blank

2,585

49%

Watertown Yard

52, 57, 59, 502, 504 Bus

194

78%

MBTA Bus total

Blank

194

78%

All terminal stations

Grand total

20,149

58%

a The station was under construction at the time of the survey.


 

5         Inventory Results: Amenities

The tables in Appendix D summarize the amenities at MBTA stations that have parking lots. Information pertaining to accessible platforms and ramps, along with the absence or presence of benches, bicycle racks, and shelters, was collected as part of this inventory.

5.1      Accessible Platforms

Of the 116 commuter rail stations inventoried, 87 have fully raised or “mini-high,” accessible platforms. All of the stations included in this inventory on the Middleborough/Lakeville, Plymouth/Kingston, Fairmount, Greenbush, and Needham lines now have accessible platforms.

Of the 28 rapid transit stations inventoried, 25 have accessible platforms, including all of the stations on the Red, Orange, and Blue lines. Three of the inventoried Green Line stations still lack accessible platforms. All three ferry terminals have accessible platforms. All of the express bus lots have accessible sidewalk ramps, and all of the buses are low-level, kneeling buses. Table 7 lists the stations that lack accessible platforms.


 

Table 7

Stations without Accessible Platforms:
2012–13 Inventory

 

Station Name

Transit Line

Transit Mode

Ayer

Fitchburg/South Acton Line

Commuter Rail

Belmont

Fitchburg/South Acton Line

Commuter Rail

Concord

Fitchburg/South Acton Line

Commuter Rail

Hastings

Fitchburg/South Acton Line

Commuter Rail

Kendal Green

Fitchburg/South Acton Line

Commuter Rail

Lincoln

Fitchburg/South Acton Line

Commuter Rail

Shirley

Fitchburg/South Acton Line

Commuter Rail

Silver Hill

Fitchburg/South Acton Line

Commuter Rail

Auburndale

Framingham/Worcester Line

Commuter Rail

Natick

Framingham/Worcester Line

Commuter Rail

Newtonville

Framingham/Worcester Line

Commuter Rail

Wellesley Farms

Framingham/Worcester Line

Commuter Rail

Wellesley Hills

Framingham/Worcester Line

Commuter Rail

Wellesley Square

Framingham/Worcester Line

Commuter Rail

West Newton

Framingham/Worcester Line

Commuter Rail

Endicott

Franklin Line

Commuter Rail

Franklin

Franklin Line

Commuter Rail

Islington

Franklin Line

Commuter Rail

Plimptonville

Franklin Line

Commuter Rail

Walpole

Franklin Line

Commuter Rail

Greenwood

Haverhill Line

Commuter Rail

Melrose Cedar Park

Haverhill Line

Commuter Rail

Wakefield

Haverhill Line

Commuter Rail

Wyoming Hill

Haverhill Line

Commuter Rail

West Medford

Lowell Line

Commuter Rail

Winchester

Lowell Line

Commuter Rail

Prides Crossing

Newburyport/Rockport Line

Commuter Rail

Sharon

Providence/Stoughton Line

Commuter Rail

Chestnut Hill

Green Line

Rapid Transit

Eliot

Green Line

Rapid Transit

Waban

Green Line

Rapid Transit

5.2      Accessible Parking

Accessible parking spaces are defined in this memorandum as parking spaces that are specifically designated to provide persons with disabilities better access to MBTA facilities by automobile. These parking spaces can be identified by surveyors from signs, which include the international symbol of accessibility. A special permit needs to be obtained before a commuter can park in an accessible parking space. Of the MBTA stations that were surveyed for the 2012–13 inventory, 88 percent provided at least one public accessible parking space. At the time of the 2012–13 survey, 1,214 accessible parking spaces were located near MBTA stations, with 21 percent of those spaces utilized. The utilization rate for accessible parking spaces has increased 1 percent since the 2009–10 inventory, despite a 6 percent increase in accessible parking capacity. Rapid transit has nearly double the utilization rate of all other modes, at 39 percent in the 2012–13 inventory. Table 8 shows the utilization rates of accessible parking spaces, by transit line.

Table 8

Accessible Parking near MBTA Stations by Transit Line:
2012–13 Capacity and Utilization

 

Transit Line

Accessible Parking Spaces

Accessible Parking Space Utilization

Fairmount

21

19%

Fitchburg/South Acton a

44

14%

Framingham/Worcester

89

11%

Franklin

66

9%

Greenbush

76

1%

Haverhill

49

4%

Kingston/Plymouth

72

17%

Lowella

59

24%

Middleborough/Lakeville

65

12%

Needhama

34

12%

Newburyport/Rockporta

106

10%

Providence/Stoughtona

151

30%

Commuter rail total

832

15%

Blue Linea

64

39%

Green Line

45

11%

Orange Line

85

35%

Red Line

130

52%

Rapid transit total

324

39%

Commuter Ferry total

49

20%

Bus total

9

11%

Total accessible spaces

1,214

21%

a Parking lots near the North Leominster, Littleton, Wedgemere, Beverly Depot, Needham Center, Needham Heights, Attleboro, South Attleboro and Wonderland stations were under construction at the time of the survey. The parking utilization and parking capacity may have been temporarily affected as a result.

5.3      Permit-Only and Resident-Only Parking

Some commuter rail and rapid transit stations have permit-only or resident-only parking located nearby. Permit-only and resident-only parking are generally restricted to commuters who either purchase a permit for a certain period of time (for example, yearly or monthly) or commuters who are a residents of the local municipality in which the MBTA station is located. Since the purpose of this memorandum is to show the parking utilization rates for the general public, permit-only and resident-only parking are not included in the analysis, with the exception of this section.

Table 9 displays the locations of the permit-only and resident-only parking lots near MBTA stations. In the 2012–13 inventory, there were 3,121 permitted or resident-only parking spaces near MBTA stations; 2,933 parking spaces near commuter rail stations, and 188 parking spaces near rapid transit stations. Permit parking along the Franklin, Haverhill, Lowell, and Newburyport/Rockport commuter rail lines has the highest rates of permit-parking utilization.

 


 

 

TABLE 9

Permit-Only and Resident-Only Parking Spaces near MBTA Stations:
2012–13 Capacity and Utilization

 

Station Name

Transit Line

Permit-Only, Resident-Only Parking Spaces

Permit-Only, Resident-Only Parking Space Utilization

Lincoln

Fitchburg/South Acton

46

63%

South Acton

Fitchburg/South Acton

320

78%

Waltham

Fitchburg/South Acton

45

93%

West Concord

Fitchburg/South Acton

41

100%

Framingham

Framingham/Worcester

119

57%

Natick

Framingham/Worcester

139

80%

Franklin

Franklin

60

98%

Bradford

Haverhill

13

69%

Reading

Haverhill

260

88%

Abington

Kingston/Plymouth

208

45%

Kingston

Kingston/Plymouth

175

86%

Wedgemerea

Lowell

91

100%

West Medford

Lowell

47

100%

Winchester

Lowell

159

80%

Swampscott

Newburyport/Rockport

18

100%

Mansfield

Providence/Stoughton

620

90%

Sharon

Providence/Stoughton

503

78%

Stoughton

Providence/Stoughton

69

36%

Commuter rail total

Blank

2,933

80%

Green Street

Orange Line

81

59%

Oak Grove

Orange Line

107

65%

Rapid transit total

Blank

188

63%

Total permit parking spaces

Blank

3,121

79%

a Parking lots near the Wedgemere station were under construction at the time of the survey. The parking utilization and parking capacity may have been temporarily affected as a result.

 


 

5.4      Bicycle Racks and Cages

This discussion of bicycle parking is based on the data collected on the bicycle parking facilities' capacity and utilization that were recorded for all MBTA stations in the period July through October 2012, and an earlier inventory, which was conducted in 2009–11.23 The inventory included 134 rapid transit stations, 122 commuter rail stations, six commuter ferry terminals, and three major bus stops. Of the 265 stations included in the bicycle survey inventory, 86 percent have bicycle racks. This includes 105 of the 134 commuter rail stations, 117 of the 122 rapid transit stations, four of the six ferry terminals, and two of the three major bus stops. Using federal stimulus funds, the MBTA installed 50 bicycle ports near MBTA stations, and by the end of 2014, the MBTA is expected to have installed 15 bicycle cages near MBTA stations. The MBTA stations that either currently have, or will have, bike ports or bicycle cages are listed in Appendix D.

The station with the highest bike parking capacity is Alewife, with 387 spaces. Between the previous bicycle parking inventory, which was conducted in 2009–11, and the 2012 bicycle parking inventory, there was a 48 percent increase in the number of parked bicycles and a 30 percent increase in the number of bicycle parking spaces. Table 10 shows the percentages of bicycle rack utilization by mode and line throughout the system. Figures B-3 and B-4, in Appendix B, are maps of the bicycle parking capacity and utilization by station.


 

Table 10
Bicycle Parking Capacity and Utilization at Park-and-Ride Stations
near MBTA Stations, 2012

 

Transit Line

Bicycle

Parking Spaces

Percent Utilization

Fairmount

84

1%

Fitchburg/South Acton

260

35%

Framingham/Worcester

272

27%

Franklin

162

15%

Greenbush

109

23%

Haverhill Line

244

15%

Kingston/Plymouth

84

23%

Lowell

137

45%

Middleborough/Lakeville

81

15%

Needham

104

15%

Newburyport/Rockport

272

33%

Providence/Stoughton

309

26%

Commuter rail total

2,076

25%

Blue Line

409

22%

Green Line

870

43%

Orange Line

941

40%

Red Line

1,553

65%

Mattapan High-Speed Line

90

6%

Silver Line - Washington Street

125

30%

Silver Line - Waterfront

230

33%

Rapid transit total

3,929

47%

Ferry total

70

14%

Bus total

16

75%

Grand total

6,091

39%

Note: Bicycles and racks are counted more than once at stations that serve more than one transit line. In those cases, each bicycle and each rack is counted once for each line. However, in each of the totals for that station, these spaces are counted only once.

5.5      Shelters

Most of the stations with park-and-ride lots have shelters. In this inventory, a shelter is defined as any structure that provides some protection from the weather. The structure could be just a roof over the platform, a completely enclosed station, or a stand-alone structure with a roof and walls. Lincoln, Hastings, and Plimptonville are the stations on commuter rail lines that do not have a shelter. All rapid transit stations, parking lots for MBTA bus service, and ferry terminals that were surveyed have shelters on the inbound side, and some of them have shelters on the outbound side.

6         Conclusion                                                                         

In summary, the analysis of the park-and-ride inventory suggests the following conclusions.

6.1      General Conclusions

Overall, the park-and-ride system capacity has increased by 1,846 spaces since the previous inventory. The breakdown by transit mode is: commuter rail park-and-ride lots increased by 1,860 spaces, rapid transit park-and-ride lots decreased by 207 spaces, and commuter ferry park-and-ride lots increased by 9 spaces.

Although more spaces were added since the 2009–10 inventory, more park-and-ride lots at MBTA stations were filled in the 2012–13 inventory than in the 2009–10 inventory. This is consistent with a nationwide trend of more commuters traveling by public transportation.

In the 2012–13 inventory, 22 percent of the stations surveyed had parking lots that filled to 85 percent or more of their capacity. Park-and-ride lots at 30 percent of the stations surveyed were less than half utilized at the end of the AM peak period. Of the 33 lots that filled to 85 percent or more of their capacity, 25 were smaller lots (with 250 spaces or fewer); by contrast, larger lots (with 1,000 spaces or more) were 61 percent utilized, on average.

6.2           Commuter Rail

Overall, commuter rail utilization remained essentially stable despite the construction of spaces at two new stations. However, the data also showed that utilization declined at certain stations, notably Anderson/Woburn and Forge Park/495.

Generally, commuter rail parking utilization was the greatest at MBTA stations inside of I-95/Route 128 and along major expressway corridors.

There is at least one station on every MBTA commuter rail line where 45 percent or more of the parking is available on a typical weekday morning.

Major commuter garages and facilities, which are located near major highways, provide more than 65 percent of the MBTA system’s parking capacity. There are several major regional park-and-ride lots at commuter rail stations that experienced significant increases or decreases in parking utilization between the two most recent inventories.

6.3      Rapid Transit

Rapid transit park-and-ride utilization has increased significantly since the 2009–10 inventory, largely due to the removal of parking spaces since then. The Red Line currently has the highest parking utilization rate of all of the rapid transit lines, at 83 percent, which is an increase of 19 percent since the    2009–10 inventory. The high utilization of park-and-ride lots along the southern portion of the Red Line was due in part, to the closing of the Quincy Center parking garage.

6.4      Commuter Ferry

Commuter ferry park-and-ride utilization decreased significantly between the 2009–10 inventory and the 2012–13 inventory. This decrease was likely caused by a number of factors, including the 2012 fare increase and the fact that the Greenbush Line, which was implemented in 2007, is a viable alternative for commuting to downtown Boston; it continues to attract riders from the South Shore region.

6.5      Express Bus

The park-and-ride lot at Montvale Avenue, in Woburn, was found to have 100 percent utilization in the 2012–13 inventory. This is an increase from the 93 percent utilization rate that was recorded in the 2009–10 inventory.

6.6      Major Regional Park-and-Ride Lots

The Forge Park and Anderson/Woburn parking lots experienced the biggest declines in utilization from the 2009–10 inventory to the 2012–13 inventory, with decreases of 32 percent and 33 percent, respectively.

The South Attleboro and Canton Junction commuter rail stations experienced parking lot utilization increases of more than 20 percent. South Attleboro experienced a large increase in the number of parked vehicles despite a temporary reduction in parking spaces due to construction.

The Wollaston and North Quincy rapid transit stations experienced parking lot utilization increases of more than 20 percent. The increase in utilization at these stations may have been caused by the closing of the parking garage at Quincy Center Station.

6.7      Terminal Stations

The total utilization rate for the commuter rail terminal stations that are located in municipalities that have a population of more than 40,000 people is 52 percent. The total utilization rate for the commuter rail terminal stations that are located in municipalities that have a population of less than 40,000 people is 37 percent. One of the causes of the differences in utilization rates is that the terminal stations in larger municipalities typically have fewer parking spaces.

The total utilization rate for terminal stations located along heavy rail lines is 82 percent. The total utilization rate for terminal stations located along light rail lines is 50 percent, even though those terminal stations generally have smaller parking lots than heavy rail lines. They probably have lower utilization rates because they have a significantly lower number of daily boardings than do the heavy rail terminal stations.

6.8      Amenities Conclusions

The overall utilization of accessible parking spaces has increased since the 2009–10 inventory. The Red Line has the highest utilization rate for accessible parking spaces, at 52 percent.

Permit-only and resident-only parking that is located along the Franklin, Haverhill, Lowell, and Newburyport/Rockport lines have the highest parking utilization. All four of these lines have a permit-only and resident-only parking utilization of 85 percent or higher.

The number of bicycles parked, parking capacity, and utilization rates at MBTA stations increased between the 2009–11 bicycle parking inventory and the 2012 bicycle parking inventory. Since the 2005–06 inventory, 62 MBTA stations that previously did not provide bicycle parking had bicycle racks installed.

            RH/rh

 

 

 

 

 

1    Accessible parking spaces are defined in this memorandum as parking spaces that are specifically designated to provide persons with disabilities better access to MBTA facilities by automobile. Refer to Section 5.2 for more information.

2    The last peak-period commuter rail train typically begins its inbound trip before 9:00 AM and arrives at either North Station or South Station by 9:50 AM. The last peak-period rapid transit, bus, or ferry vehicle typically begins its inbound trip before 9:00 AM.

3    Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization, memorandum titled ”Inventory of Park-and-Ride Lots at MBTA Facilities,” April 27, 2011

4    If unusual circumstances occurred during the day of observation such as delays in MBTA service, inclement weather, construction, major events, holidays, and traffic incidents, the survey of that parking lot was conducted again, on a different day.

5    All public and private lots near MBTA stations are included in the analysis of this memorandum, the parking capacities of the MBTA stations that are listed in this memorandum may differ from the capacities that are displayed on the MBTA’s website.

6    Some MBTA stations also serve independent transportation entities, such as Logan Express or Amtrak. These stations sometimes have designated overnight parking lots for those services. These lots are excluded from the inventories reflected in this memorandum.

7    This figure includes the addition of 1,668 parking spaces at T. F. Green Airport and Wickford Junction, inclusion of the 194 parking spaces at Watertown Yard, and the addition or removal of spaces at various stations since the 2009–10 inventory.

8    The Quincy Center Garage was closed because of structural problems in July 2012. The reopening or redesign of the Quincy Center Garage is uncertain when the analysis for this memorandum was being conducted.

9    “MBTA Service Changes,” http://www.mbta.com/uploadedfiles/Fares_and_Passes_v2/MBTA_Service%20and%20Fare%20Changes_v3.pdf (accessed March 3, 2014).

10   Jonathan Belcher, Central Transportation Planning Staff, “Changes to Transit Service in the MBTA District: 1964-2013,” http://www.transithistory.org/roster/MBTARouteHistory.pdf (accessed on March 3, 2014).

11   US Bureau of Labor Statistics, “BLS Spotlight on Statistics – The Recession of 2007–2009,” February 1, 2012. Available online at   http://www.bls.gov/spotlight/2012/recession/pdf/recession_bls_spotlight.pdf (accessed January 15, 2014).

12   Consumer Reports, “Average gas prices--August 23, 2010,” available online at http://www.consumerreports.org/cro/news/2010/08/average-gas-prices-august-23-2010/index.htm  (accessed January 15, 2014).

13   Consumer Reports, “Average gas prices--September 17, 2012,” available online at http://www.consumerreports.org/cro/news/2012/09/average-gas-prices-september-17-2012/index.htm (accessed January 15, 2014).

14    Some stations with parking serve both Commuter Rail and Rapid Transit. To avoid confusion, these stations are all categorized as rapid transit in this inventory

15    North Leominster and Littleton stations were under construction at the time of the survey. North Leominster had an inventory of 0 parking spaces and Littleton had an inventory of 52 parking spaces at the time of observation.

16    There are an additional 857 overnight parking spaces at the Anderson/Woburn MBTA station. These parking spaces are owned by Massport and are provided for users of the Logan Express shuttle bus. That parking lot is not included in the analysis performed for this memorandum.

17    The 17 percent decrease in the parking utilization rate on the Lowell Line is partly due to the fact that the non-overnight lot at Anderson/Woburn Station, which has 1,297 parking spaces, experienced a 34 percent decrease in parking utilization.

18    Beverly Depot was under construction at the time of the 2012–13 survey, and several nearby lots were blocked off. As a result, there were 40 spaces available at this station at the time of observation.

19    Readville Station is served by both the Fairmount Line and the Franklin Line. To avoid confusion, Readville data were counted as Fairmount Line data for all of the quantitative analyses for this memorandum.

20    These totals exclude Readville Station (see the previous footnote).

21    Both Needham Center and Needham Heights stations were under construction at the time of observation. Neither station provided public parking at that time.

22    There are an additional 533 overnight parking spaces provided at the Route 128 MBTA station. These spaces are provided to serve Amtrak riders. The utilization rate of these spaces was 97 percent. These spaces are not included in the analysis for this memorandum.

23    Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization, memorandum titled ”2012 Inventory of Bicycle Parking Spaces and Number of Parked Bicycles at MBTA Stations,” April 3, 2014.

 

AppendiX sections

 

 

Appendix Section

Section Name

Appendix A:

Parking Utilization: Comprehensive Results of Inventory

Appendix B:

Park-and Ride and Bicycle Parking Maps

Appendix C:

Park-and-Ride Lot Survey Form: Fall 2012/Winter 2013

Appendix D:

Amenities: Comprehensive Results of Inventory

Appendix E:

Comparison of 2012–13 Inventory Results with 2005–06 and 2009–10 Inventory Results, by Mode

Appendix F:

MBTA Fare Increase –State Fiscal Year 2013

 

 

Appendix A

Parking Utilization: Comprehensive Results of 2012–13 Inventory

 

 

Table Name

Table Number

North Side Commuter Rail Inventory of MBTA Park-and-Ride Lots, Nonaccessible Spaces, 2012–13

         A.1

South Side Commuter Rail Inventory of MBTA Park-and-Ride Lots, Nonaccessible Spaces, 2012–13

A.2

Rapid Transit Inventory of MBTA Park-and-Ride Lots, Nonaccessible Spaces, 2012–13

A.3

Commuter Ferry and Express Bus Inventory of MBTA Park-and-Ride Lots, Nonaccessible Spaces, 2012–13

A.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


TABLE A.1

North Side Commuter Rail: Inventory of MBTA Park-and-Ride Lots,
Nonaccessible Spaces, 2012–13

 

Station

Commuter Rail Line

Lot Ownership

Parking Spaces

Occupied Parking Spaces at Time of Last AM-Peak-Period Inbound Train

Percent Parking Space Utilization

Date of Observation

 Parking Fee

Ayer

Fitchburg/South Acton

Town

52

18

35%

9/27/2012

$0.00

Belmont

Fitchburg/South Acton

Town

151

63

42%

11/30/2012

$3.00

Brandeis/Roberts

Fitchburg/South Acton

MBTA

65

13

20%

11/27/2012

$4.00

Concord

Fitchburg/South Acton

Private

56

48

86%

4/9/2013

$0.00

Concord

Fitchburg/South Acton

Town

62

60

97%

4/9/2013

$0.00

Fitchburg

Fitchburg/South Acton

MART

281

65

23%

11/7/2012

$3.00

Hastings

Fitchburg/South Acton

Town

8

3

38%

2/26/2013

$0.00

Kendal Green

Fitchburg/South Acton

Town

52

52

100%

2/26/2013

$0.00

Lincoln

Fitchburg/South Acton

Private

15

9

60%

3/1/2013

$0.00

Lincoln

Fitchburg/South Acton

Town

146

95

65%

3/1/2013

$3.00

Littletona

Fitchburg/South Acton

MBTA

52

41

79%

11/8/2012

$4.00

North Leominsterb

Fitchburg/South Acton

MART

0

0

0%

11/7/2012

$3.00

Shirley

Fitchburg/South Acton

Town

164

118

72%

9/27/2012

$0.00

Silver Hill

Fitchburg/South Acton

Town

6

2

33%

2/26/2013

$0.00

South Acton

Fitchburg/South Acton

Town

428

357

83%

4/10/2013

$2.50

Waltham

Fitchburg/South Acton

Town

93

89

96%

11/27/2012

$2.00

West Concord

Fitchburg/South Acton

Town

186

151

81%

4/9/2013

$4.00

Andover

Haverhill

MBTA

146

87

60%

4/3/2013

$4.00

Ballardvale

Haverhill

MBTA

112

80

71%

3/5/2013

$4.00

a Littleton was under construction at the time of the survey. This parking lot is estimated to have 200 spaces upon completion                                                                                     

b North Leominster was under construction at the time of survey. Upon completion, this station will have a 350 space parking facility nearby.

MART = Montachusett Regional Transit Authority

MVRTA = Merrimack Valley Regional Transit Authority

LRTA = Lowell Regional Transit Authority

TABLE A.1 (Cont.)

North-Side Commuter Rail: Inventory of MBTA Park-and-Ride Lots,
Nonaccessible Spaces, 2012–13

 

Station

Commuter Rail Line

Lot Ownership

Parking Spaces

Occupied Parking Spaces at Time of Last AM-Peak-Period Inbound Train

Percent Parking Space Utilization

Date of Observation

 Parking Fee

Bradford

Haverhill

MBTA

295

48

16%

4/2/2013

$4.00

Bradford

Haverhill

Private

13

9

69%

4/2/2013

$0.00

Greenwood

Haverhill

Private

6

6

100%

3/6/2013

$0.00

Greenwood

Haverhill

Town

76

33

43%

3/6/2013

$2.00

Haverhill

Haverhill

MBTA

153

43

28%

4/2/2013

$4.00

Lawrence

Haverhill

MVRTA

815

570

70%

4/3/2013

$3.50

Melrose Cedar Park

Haverhill

Town

56

33

59%

3/12/2013

$3.00

Melrose Highlands

Haverhill

On-street

23

6

26%

3/12/2013

$3.00

Melrose Highlands

Haverhill

Town

65

48

74%

3/12/2013

$3.00

North Wilmington

Haverhill

Town

50

50

100%

2/28/2013

$0.00

Reading

Haverhill

MBTA

112

76

68%

3/5/2013

$4.00

Reading

Haverhill

Town

260

230

88%

3/6/2013

$0.00

Wakefield

Haverhill

MBTA

125

85

68%

3/6/2013

$4.00

Wyoming Hill

Haverhill

Town

27

19

70%

3/12/2013

$3.00

Anderson/Woburn

Lowell

MBTA

1,297

664

51%

4/2/2013

$4.00

Lowell

Lowell

LRTA

866

604

70%

5/22/2013

$5.00

North Billerica

Lowell

LRTA

519

420

81%

12/11/2012

$4.00

Wedgemerec

Lowell

Town

91

91

100%

4/5/2013

$0.00

Wedgemere

Lowell

On-street

31

31

100%

4/5/2013

$0.00

c Parking Lot near Wedgemere was under construction at the time of survey. The lot has since fully reopened.                                                                             


 

TABLE A.1 (Cont.)

North Side Commuter Rail: Inventory of MBTA Park-and-Ride Lots,
Nonaccessible Spaces, 2012–13

 

Station

Commuter Rail Line

Lot Ownership

Parking Spaces

Occupied Parking Spaces at Time of Last AM-Peak-Period Inbound Train

Percent Parking Space Utilization

Date of Observation

 Parking Fee

West Medford

Lowell

MBTA

20

20

100%

5/9/2013

$0.00

West Medford

Lowell

Town

47

47

100%

5/9/2013

$0.00

Wilmington

Lowell

MBTA

191

184

96%

12/11/2012

$4.00

Winchester

Lowell

Town

159

127

80%

3/15/2013

$0.00

Beverly Depotd

Newburyport/Rockport

MBTA

40

40

100%

11/15/2012

$0.00

Beverly Farms

Newburyport/Rockport

Town

56

42

75%

3/26/2013

$0.00

Gloucester

Newburyport/Rockport

MBTA

96

25

26%

3/28/2013

$4.00

Hamilton/Wenham

Newburyport/Rockport

MBTA

188

77

41%

11/15/2012

$4.00

Ipswich

Newburyport/Rockport

On-street

22

22

100%

11/13/2012

$0.00

Ipswich

Newburyport/Rockport

Town

128

102

80%

11/13/2012

$0.00

Lynn

Newburyport/Rockport

MBTA

940

199

21%

4/2/2013

$4.00

Manchester

Newburyport/Rockport

Town

65

64

98%

3/27/2013

$0.00

Montserrat

Newburyport/Rockport

MBTA

110

78

71%

3/26/2013

$4.00

Newburyport

Newburyport/Rockport

MBTA

775

325

42%

11/13/2012

$4.00

North Beverly

Newburyport/Rockport

MBTA

82

57

70%

11/9/2012

$4.00

Prides Crossing

Newburyport/Rockport

Town

7

4

57%

3/27/2013

$0.00

Rockport

Newburyport/Rockport

Town

140

92

66%

11/16/2013

$0.00

Rowley

Newburyport/Rockport

MBTA

274

52

19%

11/13/2012

$4.00

Salem

Newburyport/Rockport

MBTA

329

221

67%

4/3/2013

$4.00

d It is estimated that approximately 500 parking spaces will be located near Beverly Depot when construction is complete.                                                       


 

TABLE A.1 (Cont.)

North Side Commuter Rail: Inventory of MBTA Park-and-Ride Lots,
Nonaccessible Spaces, 2012–13

 

Station

Commuter Rail Line

Lot Ownership

Parking Spaces

Occupied Parking Spaces at Time of Last AM-Peak-Period Inbound Train

Percent Parking Space Utilization

Date of Observation

 Parking Fee

Salem

Newburyport/Rockport

Town

120

106

88%

4/3/2013

$4.00

Swampscott

Newburyport/Rockport

MBTA

125

112

90%

4/3/2013

$4.00

Swampscott

Newburyport/Rockport

Town

18

18

100%

4/3/2013

$0.00

West Gloucester

Newburyport/Rockport

MBTA

42

9

21%

3/28/2013

$4.00

 

TABLE A.2

South Side Commuter Rail: Inventory of MBTA Park-and-Ride Lots,
Nonaccessible Spaces, 2012–13

 

Station

Commuter Rail Line

Lot Ownership

Parking Spaces

Occupied Parking Spaces at Time of Last AM-Peak-Period Inbound Train

Percent Parking Space Utilization

Date of Observation

 Parking Fee

Fairmount

Fairmount

MBTA

48

8

17%

5/22/2013

$4.00

Morton Street

Fairmount

MBTA

0

0

0%

9/20/2012

$0.00

Readville

Fairmount

MBTA

339

127

37%

11/27/2012

$4.00

Ashland

Framingham/Worcester

MBTA

652

241

37%

5/9/2013

$4.00

Auburndale

Framingham/Worcester

MBTA

33

30

91%

12/5/2012

$4.00

Auburndale

Framingham/Worcester

On-street

35

21

60%

12/5/2012

$0.00

Framingham

Framingham/Worcester

MBTA

155

152

98%

5/2/2013

$4.00

Framingham

Framingham/Worcester

Private

130

78

60%

5/2/2013

$4.00

Framingham

Framingham/Worcester

Town

67

34

51%

5/2/2013

$0.00

Grafton

Framingham/Worcester

MBTA

366

158

43%

6/21/2013

$4.00

Natick

Framingham/Worcester

Town

139

111

80%

2/28/2013

$0.00

Newtonville

Framingham/Worcester

On-street

34

20

59%

12/6/2012

$5.00

Newtonville

Framingham/Worcester

Town

53

43

81%

12/6/2012

$5.00

Southborough

Framingham/Worcester

MBTA

362

293

81%

3/26/2013

$4.00

Wellesley Farms

Framingham/Worcester

Town

188

148

79%

12/4/2012

$4.50

Wellesley Hills

Framingham/Worcester

Town

71

71

100%

12/4/2012

$4.50

Wellesley Square

Framingham/Worcester

Town

218

193

89%

12/4/2012

$4.50

West Natick

Framingham/Worcester

MBTA

170

169

99%

2/28/2013

$4.00

West Newton

Framingham/Worcester

MBTA

200

51

26%

12/5/2012

$4.00

BAT = Brockton Area Transit Authority                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

GATRA = Greater Attleboro Taunton Regional Transit Authority

 


 

TABLE A.2 (Cont.)

South Side Commuter Rail: Inventory of MBTA Park-and-Ride Lots,
Nonaccessible Spaces, 2012–13

 

Station

Commuter Rail Line

Lot Ownership

Parking Spaces

Occupied Parking Spaces at Time of Last AM-Peak-Period Inbound Train

Percent Parking Space Utilization

Date of Observation

 Parking Fee

Westborough

Framingham/Worcester

MBTA

443

305

69%

5/2/2013

$4.00

Worcester

Framingham/Worcester

MBTA

115

100

87%

4/2/2013

$3.00

Worcester

Framingham/Worcester

Town

385

208

54%

4/2/2013

$8.25

Dedham Corp Center

Franklin

MBTA

486

141

29%

11/27/2012

$4.00

Endicott

Franklin

Town

51

48

94%

3/15/2013

$0.00

Forge Park

Franklin

MBTA

703

376

53%

4/5/2013

$4.00

Franklin

Franklin

MBTA

180

180

100%

9/20/2012

$4.00

Franklin

Franklin

Town

60

59

98%

9/20/2012

$0.00

Islington

Franklin

MBTA

35

20

57%

3/26/2013

$4.00

Norfolk

Franklin

MBTA

520

326

63%

11/27/2012

$4.00

Norwood Central

Franklin

MBTA

68

67

99%

11/15/2012

$4.00

Norwood Central

Franklin

Private

724

377

52%

11/15/2012

$4.00

Norwood Depot

Franklin

MBTA

214

82

38%

6/21/2013

$4.00

Plimptonville

Franklin

MBTA

5

5

100%

2/26/2013

$0.00

Walpole

Franklin

MBTA

343

136

40%

11/15/2012

$4.00

Walpole

Franklin

Private

334

295

88%

11/15/2012

$4.00

Cohasset

Greenbush

MBTA

394

191

48%

4/9/2013

$4.00

East Weymouth

Greenbush

MBTA

324

259

80%

3/27/2013

$4.00

 

 

TABLE A.2 (Cont.)

South Side Commuter Rail: Inventory of MBTA Park-and-Ride Lots,
Nonaccessible Spaces, 2012–13

 

Station

Commuter Rail Line

Lot Ownership

Parking Spaces

Occupied Parking Spaces at Time of Last AM-Peak-Period Inbound Train

Percent Parking Space Utilization

Date of Observation

 Parking Fee

Greenbush

Greenbush

MBTA

978

247

25%

4/9/2013

$4.00

Nantasket Junction

Greenbush

MBTA

492

102

21%

3/27/2013

$4.00

North Scituate

Greenbush

MBTA

242

160

66%

4/9/2013

$4.00

West Hingham

Greenbush

MBTA

224

175

78%

3/27/2013

$4.00

Weymouth Landing

Greenbush

MBTA

277

164

59%

3/27/2013

$4.00

Abington

Kingston/Plymouth

MBTA

396

219

55%

5/7/2013

$4.00

Abington

Kingston/Plymouth

Private

208

94

45%

5/7/2013

$0.00

Halifax

Kingston/Plymouth

MBTA

398

188

47%

5/9/2013

$4.00

Hanson

Kingston/Plymouth

MBTA

428

211

49%

5/9/2013

$4.00

Kingston

Kingston/Plymouth

MBTA

1,083

328

30%

5/10/2013

$4.00

Kingston

Kingston/Plymouth

Private

175

150

86%

5/10/2013

$50.00

Plymouth

Kingston/Plymouth

MBTA

92

8

9%

5/10/2013

$4.00

South Weymouth

Kingston/Plymouth

MBTA

531

296

56%

5/7/2013

$4.00

Whitman

Kingston/Plymouth

MBTA

192

132

69%

5/9/2013

$4.00

Bridgewater

Middleborough/Lakeville

MBTA

492

370

75%

9/20/2012

$4.00

Brockton

Middleborough/Lakeville

BAT

227

127

56%

3/28/2013

$3.00

Campello

Middleborough/Lakeville

MBTA

545

117

21%

4/3/2013

$4.00

Holbrook/Randolph

Middleborough/Lakeville

MBTA

396

179

45%

3/22/2013

$4.00

                                                                                                                                                                                                        


 

                                                                                           TABLE A.2 (Cont.)                                                                 

South Side Commuter Rail: Inventory of MBTA Park-and-Ride Lots,
Nonaccessible Spaces, 2012–13

 

Station

Commuter Rail Line

Lot Ownership

Parking Spaces

Occupied Parking Spaces at Time of Last AM-Peak-Period Inbound Train

Percent Parking Space Utilization

Date of Observation

 Parking Fee

Middleborough/Lakeville

Middleborough/Lakeville

MBTA

761

339

45%

11/9/2012

$4.00

Montello

Middleborough/Lakeville

MBTA

412

122

30%

4/3/2013

$4.00

Bellevue

Needham

MBTA

35

16

46%

9/26/2012

$4.00

Hersey

Needham

MBTA

309

243

79%

3/14/2013

$4.00

Highland

Needham

MBTA

169

59

35%

9/26/2012

$4.00

Needham Centera

Needham

Town

0

0

0%

4/30/2014

$4.00

Needham Heightsb

Needham

MBTA

80

48

60%

4/30/2013

$4.00

Needham Junction

Needham

MBTA

171

170

99%

3/13/2013

$4.00

Roslindale Village

Needham

MBTA

135

66

49%

9/26/2012

$4.00

West Roxbury

Needham

MBTA

60

20

33%

9/26/2012

$4.00

Attleboroc

Providence/Stoughton

GATRA

781

511

65%

5/16/2013

$4.00

Attleboro

Providence/Stoughton

Private

287

212

74%

5/16/2013

$3.00

Canton Center

Providence/Stoughton

MBTA

211

153

73%

11/7/2012

$4.00

Canton Junction

Providence/Stoughton

MBTA

734

566

77%

11/7/2012

$4.00

Canton Junction

Providence/Stoughton

Private

153

143

93%

11/7/2012

$4.00

Hyde Park

Providence/Stoughton

MBTA

117

78

67%

3/26/2013

$4.00

Mansfield

Providence/Stoughton

MBTA

365

362

99%

2/26/2013

$4.00

Mansfield

Providence/Stoughton

Private

396

350

88%

2/26/2013

$0.00

a  The parking lots near Needham Center were under construction at the time of survey.                                                                                                

b The parking lots near Needham Heights were under construction at the time of survey

c   The MBTA parking lot near Attleboro Station was under construction at the time of survey. The MBTA lot on South Main Street will be restriped in the near future.


 

TABLE A.2 (Cont.)

South Side Commuter Rail: Inventory of MBTA Park-and-Ride Lots,
Nonaccessible Spaces, 2012–13

 

Station

Commuter Rail Line

Lot Ownership

Parking Spaces

Occupied Parking Spaces at Time of Last AM-Peak-Period Inbound Train

Percent Parking Space Utilization

Date of Observation

 Parking Fee

Mansfield

Providence/Stoughton

Town

224

205

92%

2/26/2013

$0.00

Providence

Providence/Stoughton

Private

695

600

86%

3/28/2013

$16.00

Route 128

Providence/Stoughton

MBTA

2,008

1,163

58%

6/20/2013

$7.00

Sharon

Providence/Stoughton

Town

741

591

80%

3/22/2013

$4.00

South Attleborod

Providence/Stoughton

MBTA

554

554

100%

4/4/2013

$4.00

South Attleborod

Providence/Stoughton

Private

161

95

59%

4/4/2013

$3.00

Stoughton

Providence/Stoughton

MBTA

463

325

70%

11/7/2012

$4.00

T. F. Green

Providence/Stoughton

Private

591

70

12%

4/3/2013

$6.75

Wickford Junction

Providence/Stoughton

Private

1,077

61

6%

4/4/2013

$4.00

d The private parking lot near South Attleboro Station was under construction and was completely closed at the time of the survey.                                                    


 

TABLE A.3

Rapid Transit: Inventory of MBTA Park-and-Ride Lots,
Nonaccessible Spaces, 2012–13

 

Station

Rapid Transit Line

Lot Ownership

Parking Spaces

Occupied Parking Spaces at Time of Last AM-Peak-Period Inbound Train

Percent Parking Space Utilization

Date of Observation

Parking Fee

Beachmont

Blue Line

MBTA

425

243

57%

10/5/2012

$5.00

Maverick

Blue Line

Private

21

18

86%

10/5/2012

$7.00

Orient Heights

Blue Line

MBTA

396

252

64%

10/5/2012

$5.00

Suffolk Downs

Blue Line

MBTA

106

69

65%

10/5/2012

$5.00

Wonderlanda

Blue Line

Private

2,326

1,541

66%

10/1/2012

$5.00

Wood Island

Blue Line

Private

121

90

74%

3/14/2013

$5.00

Chestnut Hill

Green Line

MBTA

69

65

94%

3/13/2013

$6.00

Eliot

Green Line

MBTA

53

53

100%

3/13/2013

$6.00

Lechmere

Green Line

MBTA

369

349

95%

3/12/2013

$6.00

Riverside

Green Line

MBTA

948

395

42%

3/6/2013

$6.00

Waban

Green Line

MBTA

71

62

87%

3/6/2013

$6.00

Woodland

Green Line

MBTA

533

227

43%

2/13/2013

$6.00

Forest Hills

Orange Line

MBTA

203

200

99%

1/30/2013

$6.00

Forest Hills

Orange Line

Private

281

278

99%

1/30/2013

$6.00

Green Street

Orange Line

Private

45

23

51%

3/5/2013

$70.00

Green Street

Orange Line

Town

36

25

69%

3/5/2013

$0.00

Malden

Orange Line

MBTA

188

182

97%

2/14/2013

$6.00

Malden

Orange Line

Private

641

515

80%

2/14/2013

$6.00

Oak Grove

Orange Line

MBTA

795

773

97%

3/12/2013

$6.00

Oak Grove

Orange Line

Private

72

47

65%

3/12/2013

$0.00

a  The parking lots near Wonderland Station were under construction at the time of the survey.                                                                                          


 

TABLE A.3 (Cont.)

Rapid Transit: Inventory of MBTA Park-and-Ride Lots,
Nonaccessible Spaces, 2012–13

 

Station

Rapid Transit Line

Lot Ownership

Parking Spaces

Occupied Parking Spaces at Time of Last AM-Peak-Period Inbound Train

Percent Parking Space Utilization

Date of Observation

Parking Fee

Sullivan Square

Orange Line

MBTA

228

206

90%

2/14/2013

$6.00

Sullivan Square

Orange Line

Private

342

117

34%

2/14/2013

$5.00

Wellington

Orange Line

MBTA     

1,295

1,010

78%

6/12/2013

$6.00

Wellington

Orange Line

Private

1,114

411

37%

6/12/2013

$5.00

Alewife

Red Line

MBTA

2,456

2,037

83%

5/7/2013

$7.00

Braintree

Red Line

MBTA

1,244

1,185

95%

11/2/2012

$7.00

Butler

Red Line

MBTA

45

5

11%

9/21/2012

$4.00

Mattapan

Red Line

MBTA

210

19

9%

9/21/2012

$4.00

Milton

Red Line

MBTA

31

30

97%

9/21/2012

$4.00

North Quincy

Red Line

MBTA

1,512

1,224

81%

11/01/2012

$5.00

Quincy Adams

Red Line

MBTA

2,352

1,911

81%

5/1/2013

$7.00

Quincy Centerb

Red Line

MBTA

0

0

0%

11/1/2012

$0.00

Savin Hill

Red Line

MBTA

18

18

100%

9/25/2012

$5.00

Wollaston

Red Line

MBTA

529

528

100%

11/2/2012

$5.00

b The parking garage near Quincy Center Station was closed at the time of the survey.

 

TABLE A.4

Commuter Ferry and Express Bus: Inventory of MBTA Park-and-Ride Lots,
Nonaccessible Spaces, 2012–13

 

Station

Transit Mode

Lot Ownership

Parking Spaces

Occupied Parking Spaces at Time of Last AM-Peak-Period Inbound Train

Percent Parking Space Utilization

Date of Observation

 Parking Fee

Watertown Yard

Bus

MBTA

194

152

78%

5/1/2013

$5.00

At Montvale Avenue

Bus

Town

65

65

100%

5/1/2013

$0.00

Hingham

Ferry

MBTA

1,692

771

46%

6/20/2013

$4.00

Hingham

Ferry

Private

287

255

89%

6/20/2013

$4.00

Hull

Ferry

On-street

26

23

88%

9/18/2012

$0.00

Hull

Ferry

Private

75

4

5%

9/18/2012

$0.00

Hull

Ferry

Town

135

135

100%

9/18/2012

$0.00

Quincy/Fore River

Ferry

MBTA

370

76

21%

6/21/2013

$4.00


 

Appendix B

maps of Park-and-Ride lots and Bicycle Parking

 

 

Figure Name

Figure Number

Change in Park-and-Ride Utilization Rates, 2009–10 Inventory and 2012–13 Inventory

B.1

Minimum Parking Fees for MBTA Stations, 2012–13 Inventory

B.2

Bicycle Parking Capacity and Utilization for Commuter Rail Stations, 2012 Inventory

B.3

Bicycle Parking Capacity and Utilization for Rapid Transit Stations, 2012 Inventory

B.4

 

FIGURE B.1. Change in Park-and-Ride Utilization Rates, 2009–10 Inventory and 2012–13 Inventory
This is a full-page, color-coded map in landscape format of the park-and-ride lots in the study area. It shows the change in parking lot utilization as follows: pale green = more than 50% decrease; pale blue = 26%-to-50% decrease; sky blue = 1%-to-25% decrease; royal blue = no change; magenta = 1%-to-25% increase; bright pink = more than 25% increase; and pale pink = new station.

 

FIGURE B.2. Minimum Parking Fees for MBTA Stations, 2012–13 Inventory
This is a full-page, color-coded map in landscape format of the park-and-ride lots in the study area, citing the minimum parking fees for MBTA stations as follows: bright blue = free parking; dark green = $0.01-$2.00; light green = $2.01-$4.00; pink = $4.01-$5.00; yellow = $5.01-$6.00; orange = $6.01-$7.00; red = more than $7.00; and brown = permit only.

 

FIGURE B.3. Bicycle Parking Capacity and Utilization for Commuter Rail Stations, 2012 Inventory
This is a full-page, color-coded map in landscape format of the park-and-ride lots in the study area. It cites the bicycle parking capacity and utilization for commuter rail stations according to bicycle rack utilization: magenta = full (more than 84%), dark blue = partially utilized (50%-84%), light blue = underutilized (0%-49%), and light green = no bicycles parked; and by bicycle rack size: large clear bullet = more than 49 spaces, medium clear bullet = 10-49 spaces, and small clear bullet = less than 10 spaces. Other map keys are: a gray shaded square bullet = no spaces at station, and magenta line = commuter rail line.

FIGURE B.4. Bicycle Parking Capacity and Utilization for Rapid Transit Stations, 2012 Inventory
This is a full-page, color-coded map in landscape format of the park-and-ride lots in the study area. It presents the bicycle parking capacity and utilization for rapid transit stations according to the following parameters: Bicycle rack utilization: magenta = full (more than 84%), dark blue = partially utilized (50%-84%), light blue = underutilized (less than 49%); bicycle rack size: large clear bullet = more than 49 spaces, medium clear bullet = 10-49 spaces, and small clear bullet = less than 10 spaces. Other keys to the map are: a blue line = MBTA Blue Line, a green line = MBTA Green Line, an orange line = MBTA Orange Line, a red line = MBTA Red Line, a magenta line = MBTA Red Line trolley, a purple line with lavender shadow = MBTA Silver Line, and a dashed black line = MBTA Commuter Ferry.

 

Appendix C

Park-and-Ride Lot Survey form:
Fall 2012/Winter 2013

 

Park and Ride Lot Survey: Fall 2012/Winter 2013

 
Station Name:
 
   
     
 
 
 
 
Rail Line:
Data Collector's Name: Date: Day of the Week:
Address/Directions to Station Parking Lot:
Weather: Time Data Collection Started:
Information to Collect:
                     
# of Parking Spaces (non-HP):
 
 
# of Used/ Occupied Parking Spaces (non-HP):
 
 
   
# of HP Parking Spaces:
 
 
# of Used/ Occupied HP Parking Spaces:
 
 
   
Time Lot Fills Up (non-HP): 
 
A.M.  # of Parked Cars Not in Marked Spaces: 
 
 
   
Time of Last A.M. Peak Period Train: 
 
A.M.  Lot ownership type? MBTA On-Street Private Town
   
Parking Fee ($):    Method of Parking Fee Collection:
 
 Meter   Attendent   Money Box   Permit   Other: 
                     
Is there a bike rack? Yes No What condition is the bike rack in? Good Fair Poor
   
What type of bike rack is it? Inverted U Ribbon Single Bike Post Dish Rack
 
 
 
 
Other:
 
 
How many bicycle parking spaces are there?
How many bicycles are parked there?  
   
Are there bikes parked at locations other than the bike rack? Where? 
 
 
   
Are there any bike trails/paths leading to the station? Name of path?
 
 
   
What condition is the bike trail in? Good Fair Poor  
                     
                     
Are there sidewalks leading to the station? Yes No Are there crosswalks leading to the station? Yes No
   
What condition are the sidewalks in? Good Fair Poor What condition are the crosswalks in? Good Fair Poor  
   
At what locations are sidewalks missing?   
 
 
   
At what locations are crosswalks missing?   
 
 
   
If there is a signalized intersection that pedestrians use to access the station, does it have a working pedestrian indication?  Yes No  
   
Which number bus routes, if any, connect to this station? 
 
 
         
                     
What kind of platform is at the station?   Raised fully accessible Mini-high platform 
 
Other: 
 
   
Are there accessible ramps and/or elevators at the station?  Yes No  
   
Describe possible accessibility concerns (i.e. missing ramps, etc.)
 
 
   
 
 
 
                     
Are there benches at the station platform? Yes No  
   
If ‘yes’, what side of the platform?  Inbound  Outbound  Both  
   
Are there shelters at this station platform? Yes No  
   
If ‘yes’, what side of the platform?  Inbound  Outbound  Both  
   
If ‘yes’, what kind of shelters are they?  Fully Enclosed Roof & Walls  Roof Only   Other
 
 
 
 
Additional Comments: 
                   
Use other side of form for additional comments:

APPENDIX D

Amenities: Comprehensive Results
of 2012–13 Inventory

 

 

Table Name

Table Number

North Side Commuter Rail Amenity Inventory of MBTA Commuter Rail Park-and-Ride Lots, 2012–13

D.1

South Side Commuter Rail Amenity Inventory of MBTA Commuter Rail Park-and-Ride Lots, 2012–13

D.2

Rapid Transit Amenity Inventory of MBTA Commuter Rail
Park-and-Ride Lots, 2012–13

D.3

Commuter Ferry and Express Bus Amenity Inventory of MBTA Commuter Rail Park-and-Ride Lots, 2012–13

D.4

 

 


table D.1

North Side Commuter Rail:
Amenity Inventory of MBTA Commuter Rail Park-and-Ride Lots,
2012–13

 

Station

Commuter Rail Line

Bike Rack at Station (Type)

Station Platform Type

Accessible Ramps and/or Elevators

Benches at Station (side[s] of platform)

Shelters at Station (side[s] of platform)

Shelter Type(s)

Bicycle Cage (P&P) or Port (BP) Proposed or Installed

Ayer

Fitchburg/

South Acton

Inverted-U;

Dish rack

Not accessible

No

Inbound

Inbound

Roof and walls

N/A

Belmont

Fitchburg/

South Acton

Ribbon

Not accessible

No

None

Inbound

Roof only

N/A

Brandeis/

Roberts

Fitchburg/

South Acton

Dish rack;

Inverted-U

Mini-high

Yes

Both

Inbound

Fully enclosed

N/A

Concord

Fitchburg/

South Acton

Inverted-U

Not accessible

No

Inbound

Inbound

Roof and walls

N/A

Fitchburg

Fitchburg/

South Acton

Dish rack

Mini-high

Yes

Both

Both

Roof and walls

N/A

Hastings

Fitchburg/

South Acton

None